Note also that we need to apply a density correction which is the determinant of the Jacobian matrix for each component. In the case of a cylinder, that is .
Finding the surface area of a cylinder requires us to find a parameterization in terms of two parameters. Because this sphere has a constant radius, we can use a parameterization that keeps constant.
From there we can use the same approach to find the length of the normal vector at every point.
So from those points, we can find the surface area.